Berber language verb conjugation: ili (to be). Berber – English

Berber language verb conjugation: ili (to be). Berber – English

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– Amyag Amaziɣ (The Berber verb): 

ili = to be / to exist. 

– Amezray unzil (The simple past, valid in the present too):

Nec lliɣ = I am.

Cek tellid = You (man) are

Cem tellid = You (woman) are

Netta yella = He is

Nettat tella = She is

Neccin nella = We are

Kenniw tellam = You (men) are

Kennint tellamt = You (women) are

Nitni llan = They (men) are

Nitenti llant = They (women) are

– Amezray unzil anabaw (The negative simple past, valid in the present too):

Nec wer lliɣ = I am not.

Cek wer tellid = You (man) are not

Cem wer tellid = You (woman) are not

Netta wer yelli = He is not

Nettat wer telli = She is not

Neccin wer nelli = We are not

Kenniw wer tellim = You (men) are not

Kennint wer tellimt = You (women) are not

Nitni wer llin = They (men) are not

Nitenti wer llint = They (women) are not

– Amezray ummid  / izri ummid (The perfect past): 

Nec ttuɣa lliɣ = I was. / I had been

Cek ttuɣa tellid = You (man) were. / You had been

Cem ttuɣa tellid = You (woman) were. / You had been

Netta ttuɣa yella = He was. / He had been

Nettat ttuɣa tella = She was. / She had been

Neccin ttuɣa nella = We were. / We had been

Kenniw ttuɣa tellam = You (men) were. / You had been

Kennint ttuɣa tellamt = You (women) were. / You had been

Nitni ttuɣa llan = They (men) were. / They had been

Nitenti ttuɣa llant = They (women) were. / They had been

– Amezray ummid anabaw (The negative perfect past): 

Nec ttuɣa wer lliɣ = I was not. / I had not been

Cek ttuɣa wer tellid = You (man) were not. / You had not been

Cem ttuɣa wer tellid = You (woman) were not. / You had not been

Netta ttuɣa wer yelli = He was not. / He had not been

Nettat ttuɣa wer telli = She was not. / She had not been

Neccin ttuɣa wer nelli = We were not. / We had not been

Kenniw ttuɣa wer tellim = You (men) were not. / You had not been

Kennint ttuɣa wer tellimt = You (women) were not. / You had not been

Nitni ttuɣa wer llin = They (men) were not. / They had not been

Nitenti ttuɣa wer llint = They (women) were not. / They had not been

– Amezray amasul / izri imezgi (The continuous past): 

Nec ttuɣa ttiliɣ = I was being. 

Cek ttuɣa tettilid = You (man) were being.

Cem ttuɣa tettilid = You (woman) were being.

Netta ttuɣa yettili = He was being

Nettat ttuɣa tettili = She was being

Neccin ttuɣa nettili = We were being

Kenniw ttuɣa tettilim = You (men) were being.  

Kennint ttuɣa tettilimt = You (women) were being

Nitni ttuɣa ttilin = They (men) were being

Nitenti ttuɣa ttilint = They (women) were being

– Amezray amasul anabaw (The negative continuous past): 

Nec ttuɣa wer ttiliɣ = I was not being. 

Cek ttuɣa wer tettilid = You (man) were not being.

Cem ttuɣa wer tettilid = You (woman) were not being.

Netta ttuɣa wer yettili = He was not being

Nettat ttuɣa wer tettili = She was not being

Neccin ttuɣa wer nettili = We were not being

Kenniw ttuɣa wer tettilim = You (men) were not being.  

Kennint ttuɣa wer tettilimt = You (women) were not being

Nitni ttuɣa wer ttilin = They (men) were not being

Nitenti ttuɣa wer ttilint = They (women) were not being

– Aturaw imezgi / imiran amasul (The continuous present):

Nec ttiliɣ = I am being. / I usually am

Cek tettilid = You (man) are being. / You usually are.

Cem tettilid = You (woman) are being. / You usually are

Netta yettili = He is being. / He usually is

Nettat tettili = She is being. / She usually is

Neccin nettili = We are being. / We usually are

Kenniw tettilim = You (men) are being. / You usually are

Kennint tettilimt = You (women) are being. / You usually are

Nitni ttilin = They (men) are being. / They usually are

Nitenti ttilint = They (women) are being. / They usually are

– Aturaw amasul anabaw (The negative continuous present):

Nec wer ttiliɣ = I am not being. / I usually am not

Cek wer tettilid = You (man) are not being. / You usually are not.

Cem wer tettilid = You (woman) are not being. / You usually are not

Netta wer yettili = He is not being. / He usually is not

Nettat wer tettili = She is not being. / She usually is not

Neccin wer nettili = We are not being. / We usually are not

Kenniw wer tettilim = You (men) are not being. / You usually are not

Kennint wer tettilimt = You (women) are not being. / You usually are not

Nitni wer ttilin = They (men) are not being. / They usually are not

Nitenti wer ttilint = They (women) are not being. / They usually are not

– Adimal unzil / imal unzil (The simple future): 

Nec ad iliɣ = I will be.

Cek ad tilid = You (man) will be

Cem ad tilid = You (woman) will be

Netta ad yili = He will be

Nettat ad tili = She will be

Neccin ad nili = We will be

Kenniw ad tilim = You (men) will be

Kennint ad tilimt = You (women) will be

Nitni ad ilin = They (men) will be

Nitenti ad ilint = They (women) will be.

– Adimal ussid / imal ussid (The intensive future): 

Nec ad ttiliɣ = I will always be.

Cek ad tettilid = You (man) will always be

Cem ad tettilid = You (woman) will always be

Netta ad yettili = He will always be

Nettat ad tettili = She will always be

Neccin ad nettili = We will always be

Kenniw ad tettilim = You (men) will always be

Kennint ad tettilimt = You (women) will always be

Nitni ad ttilin = They (men) will always be

Nitenti ad ttilint = They (women) will always be.

– Adimal unzil anabaw (The negative simple future): 

Nec urad iliɣ = I will not be.

Cek urad tilid = You (man) will not be

Cem urad tilid = You (woman) will not be

Netta urad yili = He will not be

Nettat urad tili = She will not be

Neccin urad nili = We will not be

Kenniw urad tilim = You (men) will not be

Kennint urad tilimt = You (women) will not be

Nitni urad ilin = They (men) will not be

Nitenti urad ilint = They (women) will not be.

– Adimal ussid anabaw (The negative intensive future): 

Nec urad ttiliɣ = I will not always be.

Cek urad tettilid = You (man) will not always be

Cem urad tettilid = You (woman) will not always be

Netta urad yettili = He will not always be

Nettat urad tettili = She will not always be

Neccin urad nettili = We will not always be

Kenniw urad tettilim = You (men) will not always be

Kennint urad tettilimt = You (women) will not always be

Nitni urad ttilin = They (men) will not always be

Nitenti urad ttilint = They (women) will not always be.

– Anaḍ unzil / aneẓḍay unzil (The simple imperative): 

ili! = be! (man / woman). 

ilit! / ilim! = be! (men). 

ilimt! = be! (women).

– Anaḍ ussid / aneẓḍay ussid (The intensive imperative): 

ttili! = always be! (man / woman). 

ttilit! / ttilim! = always be! (men). 

ttilimt! = always be! (women).

– Anaḍ ussid anabaw (The negative intensive imperative): 

wer ttili! / adur ttili! = do not be! (man / woman). 

wer ttilit! / adur ttilim! = do not be! (men). 

wer ttilimt! / adur ttilimt! = do not be! (women). 

Prepared by: Mubarik Belqasem 

Asmuteg: Mubarik Belqasem 

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